Agarwood Scientific Name: Understanding the Botanical Classification

The scientific name for Agarwood is Aquilaria malaccensis. Agarwood comes from the Aquilaria tree, which is a genus of about fifteen species of trees known as Thymelaeaceae. Notably, the use of Agarwood has wide acceptance for its fragrant resin, primarily utilized in perfumes and incense. When the trees get damaged by certain microbial infection, a condition known as pathological, it begins to produce a resin with a very distinct and pleasing fragrance. This resin-dense wood is what gets referred to as Agarwood or aloeswood. It’s worth noting that the Aquilaria tree is native to Southeast Asia.

What Is Another Name for Agarwood?

Agarwood is a rare and precious wood that’s been prized for centuries for it’s aromatic properties. It’s unique fragrance is a result of a special resin that accumulates in the heartwood of the tree. The resin is produced in response to injury or infection, and the more resin there is, the more valuable the wood becomes. This is why agarwood is often referred to as the “Wood of the Gods” – it’s rarity and fragrance make it highly prized by collectors and spiritual seekers alike.

The use of agarwood dates back to ancient times, when it was treasured for it’s healing properties. In traditional Chinese medicine, agarwood was used to treat a variety of ailments, from digestive issues to respiratory problems. It’s fragrance was also thought to have a calming effect on the mind and spirit, making it a popular ingredient in incense and perfumes. In India, agarwood was often used in religious rituals, where it’s sweet, woody aroma was believed to help draw the divine closer.

It’s used in everything from perfumes and candles to essential oils and herbal remedies. It’s rarity and high price make it a luxury item in some circles, but there are also efforts underway to cultivate agarwood trees in a sustainable way, so that more people can benefit from it’s healing properties without depleting natural resources.

Despite the fact that agarwood is sometimes called the “Wood of the Gods,” it isn’t without controversy. The demand for agarwood has led to over-harvesting of wild trees, which has had a negative impact on natural ecosystems. This has prompted some countries to ban or restrict the trade in wild agarwood, and to promote the sustainable cultivation of agarwood trees instead.

It’s known by many names, including aloeswood, eaglewood, agaru, and gaharu, but it’s perhaps best known as the “Wood of the Gods.”. It’s use in traditional medicine and religious rituals has made it an important part of cultural heritage around the world, but it’s rarity and high price have also made it a controversial commodity.

Despite it’s ancient roots, agarwood’s medical use persists today. Modern studies have even shown that agarwood extracts may have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Let’s explore more of the therapeutic potential of agarwood.

What Is the Medical Use of Agarwood?

Agarwood, also known as Oud, has been an integral part of traditional medicine systems such as Ayurveda, Unani, and Chinese medicine for centuries. The essential oil extracted from Agarwood is known for it’s therapeutic properties, offering relief from a range of medical conditions. In Ayurvedic medicine, Agarwood is used to stimulate the digestive system, treat respiratory disorders, and reduce stress levels. It’s also recommended as a natural remedy for headaches, coughs, colds and even fever.

Agarwood has proven anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties that help in relieving symptoms of asthma and other respiratory illnesses. The oil is also effective in reducing anxiety and stress levels, which are major triggers for asthma attacks. Many studies have also shown that Agarwood oil has potent antibacterial properties that make it an excellent treatment for skin infections and ailments.

The essential oil extracted from the wood is believed to have a calming effect on the body, which can help reduce the risk of heart disease and other related conditions. It’s also highly recommended for it’s ability to balance the Yin and Yang energy in the body, leading to better overall health.

It’s antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral properties make it highly effective in treating respiratory disorders, skin infections and ailments, anxiety and stress, and even cancer-related symptoms.

The History and Cultural Significance of Agarwood in Traditional Medicine Systems

  • Agarwood has been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine systems across the world.
  • It’s believed to possess numerous health benefits, such as relieving pain, reducing inflammation, and treating digestive and respiratory issues.
  • The use of Agarwood in traditional medicine can be traced back to ancient Ayurvedic texts and Chinese medical texts.
  • It’s also an important part of traditional medicine systems in Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia.
  • Agarwood is often used in the form of oils, powders, and teas, and is sometimes burned as incense.
  • Due to it’s high demand and rarity, Agarwood has become one of the most expensive woods in the world.
  • However, the overharvesting of Agarwood has led to the depletion of the wild population of Agarwood trees, and it’s now a protected species.

Source: Agarwood – Wikipedia

Agarwood has always been a popular commodity, valued for it’s unique fragrance and medicinal properties. However, the increasing demand for this wood has made it one of the most expensive natural resources in the world. Despite it’s hefty price tag, agarwood continues to be in high demand due to it’s cultural and religious significance, and it’s use in perfumes, incense, and traditional medicines. But is agarwood really the most expensive wood in the world? Let’s take a closer look.

Is Agarwood the Most Expensive?

It’s high price is mainly because of it’s unique fragrance, which is derived from the resinous wood formation process it undergoes due to a fungal infection inside the tree. The resinous wood that forms as a result is quite valuable because it’s rare and takes a very long time for the tree to produce, making it difficult to find, harvest and process.

This wood has been used for centuries in traditional medicine, perfumes, incense, and religious practices. It’s believed that the wood has numerous health benefits and can help in treating several ailments like asthma, digestion issues, and many more. It’s also used for spiritual and religious purposes in different cultures.

The consumption of agarwood isn’t just limited to the woods fragrant oil or the wood chips, but it’s also used to create various decor items, furniture, and even pieces of jewelry. The wood comes in various grades, and the highest quality wood can fetch up to $100,000 per kilogram. The wood chips can go up to $100 per gram or even more. It’s no wonder that agarwood is considered the most expensive wood in the world.

The agarwood industry is one of the booming and high-profit ventures in various countries. However, due to excessive deforestation, over-harvesting, and illegitimate trading, the supply of this rare wood is decreasing day by day. Many countries have now begun to monitor the harvesting and sale of agarwood products to prevent exploitation and illegal trading of the wood.

The History and Cultural Significance of Agarwood

Agarwood is a fragrant wood that’s been used for centuries in many cultures. It’s prized for it’s unique aroma, which comes from the resin produced by the tree. Agarwood has been used in many different ways, from incense and oils to medicine and religious ceremonies. It’s history and cultural significance are deeply rooted in many parts of the world, and it continues to be an important and valuable resource today.

In order to successfully grow agarwood, several environmental conditions must be satisfied. These requirements include altitude, soil type, temperature, and rainfall. Let’s take a closer look at each of these factors and how they impact the growth of agarwood.

What Are the Requirements for Agarwood?

Agarwood is a highly prized resinous wood, obtained from the Aquilaria species. The tree requires specific climatic and soil conditions to produce high quality agarwood. It’s a slow-growing tree that can reach heights of up to 40 meters, but typically only grows to around 20 meters. The tree has a straight trunk and a broad crown, with the bark being grayish and flaky.

One of the most important requirements for agarwood is the climate. The tree thrives in hilly areas that have an altitude of at least 750 meters above sea level. It can tolerate a wide range of soils, including yellow, red podzolic, and clay sandy soil. However, the soil must be well-draining and not waterlogged. The temperature range for the tree is between 20 0 C and 33 0 C, with an average of around 25 0 C.

Agarwood also requires adequate sunlight to grow properly. It needs to be planted in an area that receives full sun, as the tree can’t survive in shade. The tree is also vulnerable to pests and diseases, so it must be protected with appropriate measures.

The tree shouldn’t be cut down completely, as this can have a negative impact on future resin production. Instead, only a small portion of the tree should be harvested at a time, to ensure that the tree can continue to produce resin.

Once matured, agarwood should be harvested carefully to ensure that the tree can continue to produce resin in the future.

Agarwood, being such a unique and precious wood, has many characteristics that make it highly sought after by many cultures. One of these characteristics is it’s color, which is dependent on the resin of the Aquilaria Crassna Pierre tree that it comes from. The color can vary from light to dark-white, with different shades being highly valued for their distinct properties.

What Color Is Agarwood?

However, when the wood becomes infected with a type of mold called Phialophora parasitica, it produces a resin as a response which slowly turns the wood into a rich, dark brown or black color. This is what’s commonly known as agarwood or oud wood. The color can range from dark brown to almost black, depending on the grade and quality of the wood.

The color of agarwood has a significant impact on it’s value and demand in the market. In general, the darker and more uniform the color of the wood, the higher it’s value. The most prized agarwood is black in color and has a rich, woody scent. This type of wood is often used in the production of high-end perfumes, incense, and traditional medicines.

Agarwood is a rare and expensive wood due to it’s scarcity and unique properties. The resin that gives agarwood it’s distinct aroma is highly prized and has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and perfumery. The wood is also thought to have spiritual and therapeutic properties, and is often used in meditation and other spiritual practices.

The color of agarwood is also affected by the location where the tree is grown and harvested. Agarwood trees are native to Southeast Asia, and can be found in countries like Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Depending on the region, the wood can have a slightly different color and aroma.

It’s a rare and highly-prized wood that’s used in a variety of applications, from perfumes to traditional medicine.

The History and Cultural Significance of Agarwood in Different Southeast Asian Countries.

Agarwood is a rare and valuable wood that’s been used for centuries in Southeast Asia for it’s fragrance and cultural significance. It’s considered sacred in many religions, and has various uses in traditional medicine, perfumes, and religious ceremonies. The harvesting and trade of agarwood have played significant roles in local economies, but unsustainable practices have threatened it’s survival and led to stricter regulations. The cultural significance of agarwood differs among various Southeast Asian countries, reflecting their diverse history and traditions.


It’s scientific name, Aquilaria malaccensis, is just one of the many species that produce agarwood. However, illegal logging and the overexploitation of agarwood trees have resulted in a decline in it’s availability, leading to increased demand and price. Efforts are being made to conserve and sustainably manage agarwood-producing trees to ensure their long-term survival and continued availability for future generations. Overall, the scientific name of agarwood may be just a label, but it represents a species of tree that holds great cultural, economic, and ecological significance.

  • Gillian Page

    Gillian Page, perfume enthusiast and the creative mind behind our blog, is a captivating storyteller who has devoted her life to exploring the enchanting world of fragrances.

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